08 Dec Elaho River | Guide Vlog #4
It’s early December 2020, our Fall salmon season has wrapped up, it was good while it lasted. With not much to do, we decide to go explore the Elaho River, a main tributary of the Squamish River system.
The Elaho River is about 70 kilometres in length, building steam as it meets with the upper Squamish River, parallel with the town of Whistler. The Elaho isn’t a system we spend a lot of time on. It’s a fairly good drive from Squamish and although home to a population of resident rainbow and bull trout, there’s not a ton of other fishing opportunities.
It had been a number of years since we were quite high up into the valley, so we fuelled up the truck and went for a drive. We wanted to see some of the river enhancement work done in 2017 and check out the expanse of the Elaho forest fire that occurred in 2015. Here’s our guide Vlog from the day…
ELAHO RIVER ROCK BLASTING
In the 1960’s as logging activities expanded throughout the Squamish River valley, so did the need for access. The Elaho Valley was rich with timber and getting to it was of high priority. But accessing the upper Elaho River valley, were wide expanses of Douglas Fir and Western Cedar were plentiful, wasn’t so easy. They needed to carve a logging road through the steep Elaho canyon. As the road was pushed through, huge sections of rock was blasted, finding its way to the valley floor. In some places these rocks created impediments to migrating fish. Salmon, returning to spawn, could simply not pass these new obstructions.
So, in the late 90’s members of the community, including members of the Squamish Nation, worked towards having some of these barriers removed from the Elaho River, making for easier passage for returning chinook salmon. With assistance from the Squamish River Watershed Society and others, the project moved forward, culminating in the blasting of rocks in November of 2017.
ELAHO FOREST FIRE 2015
One of the longest lasting impacts of forest fires like this is that the soil losses its ability to hold water. This has been especially evident over the past five years, as we’ve seen more high water events since the Elaho fire. In September 2015 the Squamish River, broke its banks, during one of its highest recorded levels. The Elaho River fire burnt about 5% of the total 2500 sq/kms of upper Squamish River system drainage.
Reoccurring high water events are detrimental to salmon, especially when these events occur in the Fall months. The September 2015 flood was especially bad for pink salmon, who had completed their spawn. In more recent years the Squamish has has high water events in October and November, hurting the spawn cycles of chum and coho salmon.
FISHING THE ELAHO RIVER
Although the Elaho River is 70 kilometres long there very little fishable water overall. Much of the Elaho is not fishing friendly, with difficult access and face moving water. River levels on the Elaho change drastically throughout the year, with freshet (snow melt) happening in early May. The river is at its optimal fishing levels from late September to late April.
Home to resident bull trout and rainbow trout, the Elaho can be a tricky river to figure out. Fish move around with water levels and access is difficult. Your best bet for fishing here is in the later Fall months, through Winter and into Spring. Summer season is when the Elaho is at its highest. You can learn more about fly fishing for bull trout here.
Remember if you’re going fishing on the Elaho River please read the BC freshwater fishing synopsis prior to your trip. Respect the recreational fishing rules and handle all fish with care. If you’re visiting the Elaho Valley for a camping or overland trip please treat it with the care and respect it deserves.
This is a special place that needs to be cared for. Practice no trace camping, ensure campfires are extinguished, clean up your garbage and be mindful of fish and wildlife habitat.
Thanks for reading, hope you learned something new about this neat little area of BC!